What is diabetes?
Diabetes is identified as the condition in which the body is not capable of producing enough insulin to meet the body’s needs, and requirements or the cells don’t respond accordingly to the insulin. Insulin is vital as it helps transport glucose, a simple sugar into the body’s cells from the blood. It has many other essential effects on metabolism. When the insulin isn’t adequately available or does not efficiently work to transport the glucose from the blood to cells will result in glucose accumulating in the blood. A high percentage of glucose in the blood are harmful and toxic, and the cells that don’t get the glucose lack the necessary fuel to function properly.
There are primarily two types of diabetes: type 1 and type 2. Type 1 diabetes occurs when the pancreas in the body cannot make insulin and require insulin injections. Most patients are diagnosed from their childhood. Type 2 diabetes arises when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or the body fails to use the insulin properly. They require insulin injections eventually. It mainly occurs between adults. Another less typical form of diabetes is gestational diabetes which is a temporary condition that occurs during pregnancy. This problem usually clears up post delivery. Prediabetes is a term used to refer blood sugar levels higher than average but enough to be classified as diabetes.
Treatment and prevention
Unfortunately, type 1 diabetes is not preventable. However, significant studies have shown that type 2 diabetes is preventable by adopting specific lifestyle changes consisting of moderate weight loss by consuming a healthy diet and regular exercise regime.
Diabetes is a chronic medical condition that can last over a lifetime. The aim of treating diabetes is to keep glucose levels close to normal range as possible. Bear in mind diabetes, and its treatment will take time availing the help of family and friends.
Despite extensive advertising of herbal products used to help control blood sugar, there are not enough studies to suggest that these treatments are effective and safe.
Evaluating and keeping a log of blood glucose levels is the most effective way to identify whether blood glucose levels are in the favorable target range.